Hair Transplant Methods
Hair transplantation is a careful procedure that expels hair follicles from one piece of the body, called the ‘Donor Area’ to a bald or thinning up top piece of the body known as the ‘recipient site’.
The technique is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness.
In this negligibly intrusive technique, joins containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding (like the back of the head) are transplanted to the bald scalp.
Hair Transplant Methods
Transplant operations are performed on an outpatient basis, with mild sedation (optional) and injected local anesthesia.
There are several different techniques for harvesting hair follicles, each with their own advantages and disadvantages.
Regardless of the harvesting technique, proper extraction of the hair follicle is paramount to ensure the viability of the transplanted hair and avoid transaction, the cutting of the hair shaft from the hair follicle.
Hair follicles grow at a slight angle to the skin’s surface, so transplanted tissue must be removed at a corresponding angle.
There are two main ways in which donor grafts are extracted today: strip excision (FUT) harvesting, and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
Follicle unit transaction FUT – Strip harvesting
The surgeon harvests a strip of skin from the posterior scalp, in an area of good hair growth, A single-, double-, or triple-bladed scalpel is used to remove strips of hair-bearing tissue from the donor site.
The excised strip is about 1–1.5 x 15–30 cm in size. assistants begin to dissect individual follicular unit grafts, which are small, naturally formed groupings of hair follicles, from the strip.
But it has a big disadvantage Strip harvesting will leave a big scar in the donor area , Also there will be a high risk of damaging the grafts while harvesting so there will be a percentage of grafts to be damaged while cutting the strip.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
A special developed medical tool under the name of Micro Motor Golden Punch is been used to make sure that individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under local anesthesia; this micro removal typically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter.
FUE can give very natural results.
The advantage over strip harvesting is that FUE harvesting negates the need for large areas of scalp tissue to be harvested,
so there is no linear incision on the back of the head and it doesn’t leave a linear scar, Because individual follicles are removed without post-surgical pain with lower level of discomfort
Recovery from Micro Grafting FUE is less than 7 days and finally the percentage of losing grafts comparing to FUT is way lower and can not even reach 1%
With both FUE & FUT after harvesting the specialist utilizes extremely little miniaturized scale cutting edges to cut the destinations for accepting the grafts,
then individual grafts to be held by a medical forceps and inserted manually by the doctor, and calculating the injuries in a reliable style to advance a realistic hair pattern.
And we can reach between 45 – 55 grafts per cm2 with channel diameter that varies between 1.2 – 1.5 mm
Sapphire & Percutaneous hair transplant
again like FUE extraction is been done, yet to implant the the extracted graft a unique instrument like Choi Pen is utilized,
anyway that device is going with a gemstone (Sapphire) sculptured in a specific type that will open a sharp edged channels that will help to increase the implanted grafts per cm2.
While Percutaneous uses a normal needle made out of a mixture of some iron with stainless steel that will be used to open the channel.
still both have a major downside which will be an extraordinary challenge for the specialists who are implanting.
opening many tiny channels and abandoning it open up till all are done to proceed onward to the implantation part would risk the blood clotting within this minor profound channels.
along these lines there may be an extraordinary hazard squeezing hard on the unions that may break it or on the channel itself that would cause a mutilated channel that probably won’t be fitting to the implanted graft or would leave a scare..
DHI – Choi Pen Implanter
Direct Hair Implantation (DHI) is one of the most advanced hair transplant techniques of them all, extraction of the grafts is been done by the same method of FUE by using the micro motor golden punch.
The Benefits Of Direct Hair Implantation:
There are a number of benefits to DHI procedures, including the fact that they offer a higher level of viability of the hair follicle, reducing the time left out of the scalp and therefore reducing the risk of the hair follicle being damaged or dying in the process. DHI also offers full and complete control of the angle, direction and depth in which the individual hair follicle is being implanted, in order to ensure that the end result looks as natural as possible at all times.
the pen has a very tiny slotted needle that will include the graft inside of it to provide an instant implanting for the grafts while the channel been opened by the top pen needle.
channels diameter will be variable between 04 – 07 mm which provide a higher number of implanted grafts per cm2 that could reach up to 100 grafts per cm2.
healing would be faster then FUE since injuries are smaller and with a more regular cylindrical shape.
and it is considered as the one and the only technology that allows us to implant the hair without any need to shave the implanted area.
Robotic hair hair transplant
Robotic hair restoration devices utilize cameras and robotic arms to assist the surgeon with the FUE procedure.
while it is still considered one of the new technologies that is under developing since the used punches are with wide diameter that will leave grafts apart of each others lowering the density level,
also with a slaw motion work and a heat level of working it can only implant up to 2000 grafts per session.
Lately the term of Iced FUE or Iced Implantation appeared refereeing to preserving the harvested grafts into cold champers that will help to cool them and keep them cold, the thing that would strengthened the implanted grafts.
Hair duplication or hair cloning is a proposed procedure to counter male pattern baldness. The innovation to clone hair isn’t yet accessible.
A large number of dollars were put into research regarding the matter by Aderans, however they have quit investigating it.
Specialists recently expected that on account of complete hair loss, follicles are totally missing from the scalp, so they can’t be recovered.
Anyway it was found that the follicles are not by any means missing, as there are undifferentiated cells in the bare scalp from which the follicles normally emerge. Irregular conduct of these follicles is recommended to be the consequence of forebear cell lack in these zones.